MOTOR VEHICLE BILL 2019
The motor vehicle bill was passed on 23 rd of July 2019.It was met
with scepticism from most Indians due the steep increase in
penalties. This is because corruption runs rampant on Indian
roads, it is almost impossible to meet someone in India who
has never bribed a cop while driving on Indian roads.
This bill is different and probably the most revolutionary bill
passed to make Indian roads safer for both drivers and
Protection of good Samaritan
This law will provide immunity to all good Samaritans .This
bill describes a good samaritan as a person who renders
emergency medical or non -medical assistance to the victim at
the scene of an accident, and provides rules to prevent
harassment of such a person. This law was desperately needed
in India as people were very scared to help out accident
victims due to them getting involved in legal cases or
sometimes even being held as the guilty party by the police.
Vehicle fitness & recall of vehicle
This bill also mandates automated fitness testing for vehicles
as this will reduce corruption in the transport department
while improving road worthiness of the vehicle .This will be
achieved by monitoring testing agencies who issue approvals
and setting a standard for them .
The bill also central government to recall a vehicle if it causes
damage to the environment or the driver, or other road users.
The manufacturer of a recalled vehicle will have to either
reimburse the full amount or provide a new vehicle with
Third party insurance
There is a 10 time increase in insurance compensation from
50,000 to 5 lakh. Claim process has been simplified.
Insurance firms have to pay within a month if the family
agrees to a compensation of 5 lakhs.The bill also increases
minimum compensation in hit and run cases from 25,000 to 2
lakh in case of death ,and from 12,500 to 50,000 in cases of
Process of vehicle registration
To create a more efficient and transparent registration and
licensing process, it has proposed to create national register
for driving licence and national register for vehicle
registration through vahaan & sarathi platforms.
The drivers training process has been strengthened enabling
faster issuance of transport licenses. This will reduce the
shortage of commercial drivers in the country .More and
more drivers training school will be opened .
This bill defined aggregators as digital intermediaries or
market places which can be used to connect a passenger with
a driver. This bill will provide guidelines for uber and ola in
various states as these laws did not exist before .This will
mainly tackle issues such as surge pricing and background
checks on drivers.
The reason why such reforms are important is due to the fact
that India loses 1 lakh 50 thousand people in road accidents
every year. Since 2009 around 1 crore people have been
seriously injured or disabled in road accidents. These statistics
are enough to make a average indian worry about road
safety,but credit must go to Mr Piyush Tewari who heads the
saveLife foundation. They filed the initial Pil in 2012 which
have lead to this bill. It was particularly worrysome as
previous laws infact enabled more accidents.A prime example
of this was the fact that it was legal to have sharp objects such
as rods hanging out of a truck. Now due to this bill it is illegal
now.SFL has now adopted the Mumbai-pune expressway to
make it fatality frees by 2020.